Constantine XI Palaiologos

   Byzantium's last emperor (q.v.) (1449-1453), who died when the Ottomans captured Constantinople (qq.v.) on 29 May 1453. He was a man of energy and integrity who did what he could to stave off the Ottomans. Previous to his coronation at Mistra (q.v.) in 1449, he ruled the Morea as despot (qq.v.), with his brothers Theodore II and Thomas Palaiologos (qq.v.). He rebuilt the Hexamilion (q.v.) in 1444, which the Ottomans had destroyed in 1423. He then seized Athens and Thebes (qq.v.). These actions provoked a response from Sultan Murad II (q.v.), who invaded the Morea in 1446, making Constantine XI his tributary. Once emperor, Constantine XI had no choice but to beg the western powers for military aid. Knowing that the prerequisite for this was the union of the churches (q.v.), on 12 December 1452, in Hagia Sophia (q.v.), the Roman mass was celebrated and the previously rejected decrees of the Council of Ferrara-Florence (q.v.) were reaffirmed, though not in any way implemented due to popular hostility. The western powers were too divided to offer serious help and Mehmed II (q.v.) captured Constantinople after a siege of six weeks. Constantine XI was last seen fighting near the Gate of St. Romanos, where the battle was most intense, having discarded his imperial insignia so that his body might not be identified and made an Ottoman trophy.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Constantine XI Palaiologos — Κωνσταντῖνος ΙΑ Παλαιολόγος Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Constantine XI Palaiologos Reig …   Wikipedia

  • Constantine II (emperor) — Constantine II Emperor of the Roman Empire Porphyry statue of Constantine II Reign 1 March 317 – 337 (as Caesar in the west und …   Wikipedia

  • Constantine IV — Κωνσταντίνος Δ Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Constantine IV and his retinue, mosaic in basilica of Sant Apollinare in Classe (Ravenna) Reign …   Wikipedia

  • Constantine V — Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Constantine V and his father Leo III the Isaurian Reign …   Wikipedia

  • Constantine VII — Constantine VII Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Constantine and his mother Zoë. Reign Junior co emperor 908–913 and 920–945, sole …   Wikipedia

  • Constantine IX Monomachos — Constantine IX Κωνσταντῖνος Θ΄ Μονομάχος Emperor of the Byzantine Empire A mosaic in Hagia …   Wikipedia

  • Constantine VIII — Constantine VIII Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Constantine VIII on the reverse of this histamenon coin, with crown, pelled labarum and akakia …   Wikipedia

  • Constantine III (Byzantine emperor) — Constantine III Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Roman coin depicting, on its face, Constantine with his father Heraclius and brother Heraklonas Reign …   Wikipedia

  • Constantine (son of Leo V) — Constantine Co emperor of the Byzantine Empire Gold solidus of Leo V, with Constantine on the reverse Reign 25 December 813 – 25 December 820 …   Wikipedia

  • Constantine Palaiologos — may refer to: Constantine Palaiologos (half brother of Michael VIII) (d.1271), half brother of Michael VIII Palaiologos and grandfather of Theodora Smilets of Bulgaria Constantine Palaiologos (son of Michael VIII) (1261–1306), sebastokrator, son… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.